THREAT TO REGIONAL BIODIVERSITY:
The largest and main threats to biodiversity and water, vital element for life are the "extensive" and "Inadequate" practices and techniques derived in the following sectors:
Crops of potatoes, beans and tomato tree, among others.
Due to the irrational expansion of the agricultural frontier, watersheds, in particular those that contribute their waters to the Guadalupe River, from the municipality of “Santa Rosa de Osos”, there is deterioration present from the water resources causing a decrease in the flow and at the same time is seriously threatening the flora and native fauna associated with these ecosystems. Surrounding communities to this situation could in the future not have sufficient quality and quantity of water for the provision of public services. Is on sidewalks like “Guanacas”, “ Guanaquitas, Palestine, Caruquia, Las Animas, the Topaz, Aragon, Orobajo, canopy, El Roble, El Vergel, sector of Montanita and El Chagualo”, where there is more pressure on the still existing forests and where, by the increase of rural production systems, most dairy herds and crops of potatoes, beans, and tomatoes; multiple wetlands and water formations are being polluted and are disappearing with all adjacent implications specially the breaking of the biological corridors and the devastation of the biodiversity.
Expansion of the agricultural frontier.
Expansion of the farming practices.
Uncontrolled deforestation of watersheds and micro basins.
High demands of wood for the establishment of fences.
Indiscriminate logging of native young trees for the tutoring of tomato trees and
The non-restoration of areas of ecological restoration through protective fences
and planting native trees.
Inadequate agricultural practices in areas that are not suitable for these
Absence of ecological culture and respect for nature.
Destruction of forests; Invaluable biological germplasm banks, still unclassified.
Extinction of fauna and flora associated with these ecosystems.
Destruction of biological corridors.
Decrease of flows.
High level of sedimentation in streams by nakedness of the land.
High levels of pesticides and chemical precursors in the water flows by
inadequate agricultural practices.
The disappearance of fish and amphibians by poisoning the waters.
Gradual increase of respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases.
What would happen without the realization of this project?
Continuous, gradual and finally total destruction of the ecosystems of the
Cordillera de Guanacas.
Constant threat to the few relict forest that are still in the area.
Gradual and steady increase in erosion and sedimentation of flows.
Partial or total water flow decrease.
Partial or total water flows pollution, by effect of agrochemical.
Flora and Fauna extinction.
What currently happens with the realization of this project?
Conservation of an "Andean biological Bank" between the municipalities of
“Santa Rosa de Osos and Carolina del Prince”, in the North Highlands of
Antioquia’s Department; represented in the flora and fauna of the sector,
becoming into a leadership and replicability model for all sector municipalities
and the Department of Antioquia in general.
Recovery of areas destroyed by inadequate agricultural and livestock practices
being integrated again as areas of biological corridors among ancient relicts of
forest still standing.
Increase and conservation of flow of pure water, as a result of the fixing of water
in stubble, more new land planted with native, integrated to the forest trees.
Absence of waste and agro-chemicals in protected areas, because within them
are not made farming practices that affect the genetic and biological
Absence of greenhouse gas, when not making agricultural and livestock
Planting new vegetable species of great biological value, ensuring their
populations and increasing existing ones in order to fix water in the soil and
provide food for insects, birds and mammals.
Decrease in sedimentation on the runways by runoff when trapped by effects of
Restoration of populations of insects, birds, mammals and river species, typical
of the sector.
Restoration of amphibians by the absence of pesticides in the water; biological
indicators of health and environmental balance.
Reintroduction of species that were extinguished in the sector by the
colonization process, returning to the Cordillera de Guanacas the life that
should never have lost. (Dantas, deer and Cougars of mountain).
Generate a replicable sensibilization model and work with the community
toward other villages and municipalities, meaning care and respect of the
environment and life in all its manifestations.
Improve the quality of life and health of those who benefit by their proximity to
this sector through pure, fresh air and clean water.
Ecosystem services like: pure water, clean air, flora, fauna, pollination,
landscaping, bird watching, ecotourism.
Nursery in-situ (in place) for future restorations in adjacent sectors and
Classification of flora, fauna and biodiversity.
Study and scientific research in biology, anthropology and archaeology.