THREAT TO REGIONAL BIODIVERSITY:

The largest and main threats to biodiversity and water, vital element for life are the "extensive" and "Inadequate" practices and techniques derived in the following sectors:

 

        Dairy farming.

        Grazing livestock.

        Crops of potatoes, beans and tomato tree, among others.

        Swine.

        Mining.

PROBLEM:

Due to the irrational expansion of the agricultural frontier, watersheds, in particular those that contribute their waters to the Guadalupe River, from the municipality of “Santa Rosa de Osos”, there is deterioration present from the water resources causing a decrease in the flow and at the same time is seriously threatening the flora and native fauna associated with these ecosystems. Surrounding communities to this situation could in the future not have sufficient quality and quantity of water for the provision of public services. Is on sidewalks like “Guanacas”, “ Guanaquitas, Palestine, Caruquia, Las Animas, the Topaz, Aragon, Orobajo, canopy, El Roble, El Vergel, sector of Montanita and El Chagualo”, where there is more pressure on the still existing forests and where, by the increase of rural production systems, most dairy herds and crops of potatoes, beans, and tomatoes; multiple wetlands and water formations are being polluted and are disappearing  with all adjacent implications specially the breaking of the biological corridors and the devastation of the biodiversity.

 

Causes:

        Expansion of the agricultural frontier.

       Expansion of the farming practices.

       Uncontrolled deforestation of watersheds and micro basins.

       High demands of wood for the establishment of fences.

        Indiscriminate logging of native young trees for the tutoring of tomato trees and

          bean crops.        

       The non-restoration of areas of ecological restoration through protective fences

         and planting native trees.                                                                                                                    

           Inadequate agricultural practices in areas that are not suitable for these

             activities.

       Absence of ecological culture and respect for nature.

 

Effects:

        Destruction of forests; Invaluable biological germplasm banks, still unclassified.

        Extinction of fauna and flora associated with these ecosystems.

        Destruction of biological corridors.

        Decrease of flows.

        High level of sedimentation in streams by nakedness of the land.

        High levels of pesticides and chemical precursors in the water flows by  

           inadequate agricultural practices. 

        The disappearance of fish and amphibians by poisoning the waters.

        Gradual increase of respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases.

        Climate change.

 

What would happen without the realization of this project?

        Continuous, gradual and finally total destruction  of  the ecosystems of the        

           Cordillera  de Guanacas.

        Constant threat to the few relict forest that are still in the area.

        Gradual and steady increase in erosion and sedimentation of flows.

        Partial or total water  flow decrease.

        Partial or total water flows pollution, by effect of agrochemical.

        Flora and Fauna extinction.

 

What currently happens with the realization of this project?

       Conservation of an "Andean biological Bank" between the municipalities of

          “Santa Rosa de Osos and Carolina del Prince”, in the North Highlands of       

          Antioquia’s Department; represented in the flora and fauna of the sector,

          becoming into a leadership and replicability model for all sector municipalities

          and the Department of Antioquia in general.

        Recovery of areas destroyed by inadequate agricultural and livestock practices

           being integrated again as areas of biological corridors among ancient relicts of

          forest still standing.

       Increase and conservation of flow of pure water, as a result of the fixing of water

          in stubble, more new land planted with native, integrated to the forest trees.

       Absence of waste and agro-chemicals in protected areas, because within them

          are not made farming practices that affect the genetic and biological

          restoration    processes.

       Absence of greenhouse gas, when not making agricultural and livestock

          activities.

            Planting new vegetable species of great biological value, ensuring their

          populations and increasing existing ones in order to fix water in the soil and

          provide food for insects, birds and mammals.

            Decrease in sedimentation on the runways by runoff when trapped by effects of

               vegetation restoration.

            Restoration of populations of insects, birds, mammals and river species, typical

               of the sector.

            Restoration of amphibians by the absence of pesticides in the water; biological

               indicators of health and environmental balance.

           Reintroduction of species that were extinguished in the sector by the

          colonization process, returning to the Cordillera de Guanacas the life that     

          should never have lost. (Dantas, deer and Cougars of mountain).

            Generate a replicable sensibilization model and work with the community

          toward other villages and municipalities, meaning care and respect of the

          environment and life in all its manifestations.

            Improve the quality of life and health of those who benefit by their proximity to

               this sector through pure, fresh air and clean water.

            Co2 fixation.

            Ecosystem services like: pure water, clean air, flora, fauna, pollination,

          landscaping, bird watching, ecotourism.

            Nursery in-situ (in place) for future restorations in adjacent sectors and

               neighborhood municipalities.

            Classification of flora, fauna and biodiversity.

            Study and scientific research in biology, anthropology and archaeology.

 

Teléfono:  300 394 57 37

Email: fundacionguanacas@gmail.com

                       fundacionguanacas@une.net.co            

 Medellín - Colombia

PQRS-Contacto

SG-SST


 

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